During travel anticipate some emergent issues and take steps to stay safe and healthy. The following are some basic recommendations to stay safe.
Hand hygiene is one of the best ways to avoid getting sick and prevent the spread of germs. Wash your hands with soap and water or use hand sanitizers. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands. Avoid contact with people who are sick. If you get sick during travel, stay in your accommodations, unless you need medical care.
Choose Safe Transportation
Transportation related accidents are a leading cause of death among travelers (about 1.24 million people die each year). The following tips to reduce your risk of getting injured:
Always wear a seat belt and know local traffic laws before you get behind the wheel. Be alert when crossing the street, especially in countries where people drive on the left.
Do not drink and drive. Don’t drive at night, especially in unfamiliar or rural areas. Do not ride motorcycles. If you must ride a motorcycle, wear a helmet.
Prevent Bug Bites
Use insect repellent and take other steps to avoid bug bites. Bugs including mosquitoes, ticks, fleas, and flies, can spread diseases such as malaria, yellow fever, Zika, dengue, chikungunya, and others.
Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants when outdoors.
Choose Safe Food and Drinks
Contaminated food or drinks can cause diarrhea and other diseases and affects your travel.
Eat foods that have been fully cooked and served hot. Do not eat fresh vegetables or fruits unless you can wash or peel them yourself. Drink only bottled and sealed beverages.
Animals can spread disease and may be dangerous as they may not be vaccinated against zoonotic diseases like rabies. Animal bites can also cause a bacterial infection and be sure to up-to-date on your tetanus vaccination.
Protect Extreme Temperatures
If you are traveling in hot weather or in a hot climate apply sunscreen and wear loose, lightweight, light-colored clothing. When traveling in cold weather or climates, wear warm clothing in several loose layers.